AZ-900 Microsoft Azure Fundamentals Certification 1

The AZ-900 Microsoft Azure Fundamentals certification exam tests and validates a candidates foundational knowledge of the cloud and Microsoft Azure. This exam is intended for anyone looking to validate their knowledge of the cloud and Microsoft Azure; from sales, to support, to developer, or anyone involved in the selling or purchasing of cloud bases solutions and services.

AZ-900 Certification Target Audience

The AZ-900 Microsoft Azure Fundamentals certification exam is geared towards candidates with non-technical backgrounds looking to demonstrate their foundational knowledge of cloud services, in addition to how those services are provided within the Microsoft Azure cloud. These candidates includes those involved in selling or purchasing cloud based solutions and services or have some involvement in cloud based services and solutions. It also includes those with a technical background looking to validate their foundational level knowledge of the cloud.

No technical IT experience is required for this exam, but some general IT knowledge would certainly be beneficial.

AZ-900 Exam Prep Session from Microsoft Ignite 2019

In this session MVP and MCT Tim Warner walks you through everything you need to know to earn your Microsoft Azure Fundamentals certification badge. No previous Microsoft Azure experience is presumed—all are welcome. Prepare to pick up product knowledge and lots of exam-specific tips and tricks!

AZ-900 Exam Objective Domains

Here’s a very high level list of the skills and objectives measured on the AZ-900 Microsoft Azure Fundamentals certification exam. The percentages for each objective area represents the number of questions on the exam for that particular exam objective.

Understand Cloud Concepts (15-20%)

  • Describe the benefits and considerations of using cloud services
    • Understand terms such as High Availability, Scalability, Elasticity, Agility, Fault Tolerance, and Disaster Recovery
    • Understand the principles of economies of scale
    • Understand the differences between Capital Expenditure (CapEx) and Operational Expenditure (OpEx)
    • Understand the consumption-based model
  • Describe the differences between Infrastructure-as-a-Service (IaaS), Platform-as-a-Service (PaaS) and Software-as-a-Service (SaaS)
    • Describe Infrastructure-as-a-Service (IaaS)
    • Describe Platform-as-a-Service (PaaS)
    • Describe Software-as-a-Service (SaaS)
    • Compare and contrast the three different service types
  • Describe the differences between Public, Private and Hybrid cloud models
    • Describe Public cloud
    • Describe Private cloud
    • Describe Hybrid cloud
    • Compare and contrast the three different cloud models

Understand Core Azure Services (30-35%)

  • Understand the core Azure architectural components
    • Describe Regions
    • Describe Availability Zones
    • Describe Resource Groups
    • Describe Azure Resource Manager
    • Describe the benefits and usage of core Azure architectural components
  • Describe some of the core products available in Azure
    • Describe products available for Compute such as Virtual Machines, Virtual Machine Scale Sets, App Service and Functions
    • Describe products available for Networking such as Virtual Network, Load Balancer, VPN Gateway, Application Gateway and Content Delivery Network
    • Describe products available for Storage such as Blob Storage, Disk Storage, File Storage, and Archive Storage
    • Describe products available for Databases such as CosmosDB, Azure SQL Database, Azure Database Migration service, and Azure SQL Data Warehouse
    • Describe the Azure Marketplace and its usage scenarios
  • Describe some of the solutions available on Azure
    • Describe Internet of Things (IoT) and products that are available for IoT on Azure such as IoT Fundamentals, IoT Hub and IoT Central
    • Describe Big Data and Analytics and products that are available for Big Data and Analytics such as SQL Data Warehouse, HDInsight and Data Lake Analytics
    • Describe Artificial Intelligence (AI) and products that are available for AI such as Azure Machine Learning Service and Studio
    • Describe Serverless computing and Azure products that are available for serverless computing such as Azure Functions, Logic Apps and App grid
    • Describe the benefits and outcomes of using Azure solutions
  • Understand Azure management tools
    • Understand Azure tools such as Azure CLI, PowerShell, and the Azure Portal
    • Understand Azure Advisor

Understand Security, Privacy, Compliance, and Trust (25-30%)

  • Understand securing network connectivity in Azure
    • Describe Azure Firewall
    • Describe Azure DDoS Protection
    • Describe Network Security Group (NSG)
    • Choose an appropriate Azure security solution
  • Describe core Azure Identity services
    • Understand the difference between authentication and authorization
    • Describe Azure Active Directory
    • Describe Azure Multi-Factor Authentication
  • Describe security tools and features of Azure
    • Describe Azure Security
    • Understand Azure Security center usage scenarios
    • Describe Key Vault
    • Describe Azure Information Protection (AIP)
    • Describe Azure Advanced Threat Protection (ATP)
  • Describe Azure governance methodologies
    • Describe Azure Policies
    • Describe Initiatives
    • Describe Role-Based Access Control (RBAC)
    • Describe Locks
    • Describe Azure Advisor security assistance
  • Understand monitoring and reporting options in Azure
    • Describe Azure Monitor
    • Describe Azure Service Health
    • Understand the use cases and benefits of Azure Monitor and Azure Service Health
  • Understand privacy, compliance and data protection standards in Azure
    • Understand industry compliance terms such as GDPR, ISO and NIST
    • Understand the Microsoft Privacy Statement
    • Describe the Trust center
    • Describe the Service Trust Portal
    • Describe Compliance Manager
    • Determine if Azure is compliant for a business need
    • Understand Azure Government services
    • Understand Azure Germany services

Understand Azure Pricing and Support (25-30%)

  • Understand Azure subscriptions
    • Describe an Azure Subscription
    • Understand the uses and options with Azure subscriptions
  • Understand planning and management of costs
    • Understand options for purchasing Azure products and services
    • Understand options around Azure Free account
    • Understand the factors affecting costs such as resource types, services, locations, ingress and egress traffic
    • Understand Zones for billing purposes
    • Understand the Pricing calculator
    • Understand the Total Cost of Ownership (TCO) calculator
    • Understand best practices for minimizing Azure costs such as performing cost analysis, creating spending limits and quotas, and using tags to identify cost owners; use Azure reservations; use Azure Advisor recommendations
    • Describe Azure Cost Management
  • Understand the support options available with Azure
    • Understand support plans that are available such as Dev, Standard, Professional Direct and Premier
    • Understand how to open a support ticket
    • Understand available support channels outside of support plan channels
    • Describe the Knowledge Center
  • Describe Azure Service Level Agreements (SLAs)
    • Describe a Service Level Agreement (SLA)
    • Determine SLA for a particular Azure product or service
  • Understand service lifecycle in Azure
    • Understand Public and Private Preview features
    • Understand how to access Preview features
    • Understand the term General Availability (GA)
    • Monitor feature updates

To view the most up-to-date list of these exam objectives, please reference the official AZ-900 exam page.

Microsoft Certified: Azure Fundamentals

The AZ-900 Microsoft Azure Fundamentals certification exam is the required exam necessary to earn the Microsoft Certified: Azure Fundamentals certification. This exam has no prerequisites, and with a single exam you can earn a full certification for your knowledge of the cloud!

Microsoft MVP

Chris Pietschmann is a Microsoft MVP (Azure & IoT) and HashiCorp Ambassador (2021) with 20+ years of experience designing and building Cloud & Enterprise systems. He has worked with companies of all sizes from startups to Fortune 100. He is also a Microsoft Certified Azure Solutions Architect and developer, a Microsoft Certified Trainer (MCT), and Cloud Advocate. He has a passion for technology and sharing what he learns with others to help enable them to learn faster and be more productive.
HashiCorp Ambassador (2021) Microsoft Certified Trainer (MCT) Microsoft Certified: Azure Solutions Architect